Overview of New York’s Appropriation or Theft of Lost Property Laws
The crime of larceny, according to the New York Penal Code is defined as wrongfully taking, obtaining or withholding property from its rightful owner. Receiving a conviction for this form of theft requires the prosecution to prove beyond a reasonable doubt that the defendant accused of stealing the property did so with the specific intent to either:
a) make sure the property is permanently or for an extended period withheld from its owner to decrease the value or benefit; or,
b) to exercise control or give that control to a third-party permanently or for an extended period to reap the majority of the property’s worth or benefit.
From the moment you are taken into custody and accused of theft, you have a right to legal representation. Hiring a NYC criminal defense lawyer should be a priority because without this assistance you can face serious penalties.
How Larceny is Committed
It takes dedication and skill to defend clients accused of theft of lost property crimes such as:
• Extortion, which occurs when threats or force is used by one person to obtain something from another person. You could face up to seven years in prison if you are convicted of first-degree coercion.
• Embezzlement, which typically occurs in business. This involves stealing assets or funds that were entrusted to you by your employer or the company you own. Embezzlement comes with varying penalties based on the amount of money that you are accused of stealing. The maximum penalty in New York is 25 years in prison.
• Petit larceny is theft of property that is valued at less than $1,000, and comes with a prison sentence of up to one year.
• Grand larceny in New York involves theft of property that is valued at $1,000 or more. There are different degrees of larceny charges that come with penalties between four and 25 years in prison.
Expanded Definitions of Committing Larceny in New York
The courts and state legislature have expanded the definition of what is considered property to include real property, computer data, computer programs or anything of substance and significant value. The accepted market value at the time of the criminal act of theft determines the value of the stolen property. Also considered in the property value is the cost to replace it.
In New York, there are eight recognized methods of committing larceny. The first two are common law larceny by trespassory taking or by trick. Embezzlement and using false pretenses to obtain property are the next two defined in the statutes. Historically, these are the most common recognized forms of larceny.
Four variations define the final four methods. One is larceny by appropriating lost property. The last three are issuing a bad check, making a false promise and extortion. These represent up-to-date derivatives of committing larceny.
Contact Raiser & Kenniff, PC Today
Being confronted with accusations of wrongful appropriation or theft of lost property is an unnerving experience. Such charges require the steady hand of skillful criminal defense lawyers. With offices in NYC, Mineola, and Bohemia, Raiser & Kenniff, PC will explore every avenue to build a solid defense that protects you and your way of life.