There is attempted murder in the first degree and attempted murder in the second degree. There are various defenses that can be employed in order to aid in both cases, although both offenses are considered Class A-1 felonies, a Class 1 felony being the most serious class of offense. Constructing a defense for the defendant of either felony would be possibly difficult but not altogether impossible.
According to the laws of the New York Penal Code, Article 125.25 states that “[a] person is guilty of murder in the second degree” when five criteria are met, resulting in a Class A-1 felony. A felony, according to the New York Penal Code, is an “offense for which a sentence to a term of imprisonment in excess of one year may be imposed.” According to standard sentencing, the minimum for attempted murder in the second degree (also known as “Murder 2”), is 20 years to life imprisonment, while the maximum is life without parole.
Attempted murder in the first degree (also known as “Murder 1”) is outlined in the two criteria of Article 125.27 of the New York Penal Code. Sentencing for attempted murder in the first degree has a minimum of 20 years to life imprisonment, with a maximum of life imprisonment.
One should most likely consult an experienced criminal defense attorney if one is charged with attempted murder, in order so the attorney can begin constructing a reasonable defense for the defendant in question. Regarding both murder in the first and second degree, respectively, one defense could be derived from the fact that the defendant had significant extenuating life circumstances that led him or her to allegedly commit the heinous act of murder. One such element is, for example, “extreme emotional disturbance” that is considered “reasonable,” according to Article 125.27 of the New York Penal Code. These are both considered factors in a case, but do not necessarily constitute a defense, per se. However, a professional criminal defense lawyer will almost certainly know best how to present and frame all the evidence in such a way that might convince a jury of a particular storyline that aligns with the defendant’s motive or motives at the time the alleged crime was committed. For example, the criminal defense lawyer may have privileged knowledge about certain minutiae of case law that could potentially get his client a lesser charge–or even have the entire case dismissed–if the lawyer can prove that, before, during, or after the alleged crime occurred, certain elements were overlooked or neglected. For example, even something as simple as law enforcement neglecting to read an alleged perpetrator’s Miranda Rights could completely change the calculus of the entire case, since the defendant’s legal rights were essentially violated during his or her apprehension. There are several other legal caveats that could constitute a defense on the defendant’s behalf, but only a criminal defense lawyer with a significant amount of experience and knowledge could offer reputable counsel, which is paramount in such a situation.