Types of crimes come in two categories, personal crimes and property crimes. Although there are just two major categories, different states may have laws that deal with variations of the offenses that fall under the two types of crimes. In addition to this, some crimes may fall into both categories. For instance, there may be a violent robbery that not only includes a theft of property, but also involves injury of an individual while the crime is being committed. The types of crimes under each category can sometimes also be divided into sub-categories as well.
Personal crimes are crimes that are perpetrated against an individual. These can include assault, battery, false imprisonment, kidnapping, homicide, and rape. Homicide also covers a range of categories, which include first degree murder, second degree murder, involuntary manslaughter, and vehicular homicide. Rape also involves a number of categories, which can include statutory rape, sexual assault and many other types of sexual offenses. Personal crimes can also be further divided into violent and non-violent crimes.
Property crimes are crimes that are categorized as offenses against property. This includes theft, robbery, burglary, arson, embezzlement, forgery, false pretenses, and receipt of stolen goods. It should be noted that there is a difference between theft and robbery. Theft, also known as larceny, covers stealing of an item or items. For instance, someone that steals clothing from a retail store. Robbery on the other hand covers theft of an item or items that uses force in the undertaking of the crime. For instance, someone stealing clothing from a retail store while holding the workers at gunpoint. Property crimes can also be divided into crimes against “real” property such as a house, or crimes against the habitation. A crime against a residence is considered a crime against property because a house has monetary value. On the other hand, a habitation is considered a home, not simply a house. Basically, this is broken down into the use of the structure. There is a difference between a house that is uninhabited, a home where people live, and a summer residence that is hardly used.